Assembly line balancing to minimize balancing loss and system loss

Authors

1 Professor, Dep. of Business Administration, University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan, India

2 Lecturer, Dep. of Business Administration, University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan, India

Abstract

Assembly Line production is one of the widely used basic principles in production system. The problem of Assembly Line Balancing deals with the distribution of activities among the workstations so that there will be maximum utilization of human resources and facilities without disturbing the work sequence. Research works reported in the literature mainly deals with minimization of idle time i.e. balancing, subject to precedence constraints. Lack of uniqueness in their optimum solutions has led to the present work where minimization of both balancing loss and system loss has been envisaged under the usual precedence constraints. The researchers suggest a generic approach for designing of an assembly line where, with a given number of workstations, one can efficiently arrive at the desired solution under different methods of search like simulation, heuristic etc. Thus, the main aim of this paper is to redefine the objective of the Assembly Line Balancing Problem and sequentially handle Balancing Loss and System Loss. A numerical example has been added to demonstrate the generic nature of the researcher's approach and improvement in the solution set when compared with different standard line balancing methods available so far in the literature.

Keywords