Industrial Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Associate Professor, Industrial Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
A tandem AGV configuration connects all cells of a manufacturing area by means of non-overlapping, sin-gle-vehicle closed loops. Each loop has at least one additional P/D station, provided as an interface between adjacent loops. This study describes the development of three tabu search algorithms for the design of tandem AGV systems. The first algorithm was developed based on the basic definition of a tandem network. The sec-ond and third algorithms, consider no preset number of loops and try to evenly distribute workload among loops by using workload balance as their objective functions. They generate different design scenarios for the tandem network, which can be evaluated and selected using a multi-attribute objective function. The first al-gorithm and the partitioning algorithm presented by Bozer and Srinivasan are compared for randomly gener-ated problems. Results show that for large-scale problems, the partitioning algorithm often leads to infeasible configurations with crossed loops in spite of its shorter running time. However, the newly developed algo-rithm avoids infeasible configurations and often yields better objective function values.