Retracted: Using genetic algorithm approach to solve a multi-product EPQ model with defective items, rework, and constrained space


1 Department of Industrial Management, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, P.O. Box: 11365/4435, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Management/Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin Branch, P.O. Box: 34185–1416, Qazvin, Iran


The Economic Production Quantity (EPQ) model is often used in the manufacturing sector to assist firms in
determining the optimal production lot size that minimizes overall production-inventory costs. There are some
assumptions in the EPQ model that restrict this model for real-world applications. Some of these assumptions are
(1) infinite space of warehouse, (2) all of the produced items are perfect, and (3) only one type of goods is
produced. In this paper, we develop the EPQ model by assuming that each produced lot contains some imperfect
items and scraps. In addition, we have more than one kind of products along with warehouse space limitations.
Under these conditions, we formulate the problem as a non-linear programming model and propose a genetic
algorithm to solve it. At the end, we present a numerical example to illustrate the applications of the proposed
methodology and identify the optimal value of the parameters of the genetic algorithm.